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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 101-105

Asymptomatic Osteoporosis in Indian Geriatric Population

Apollo Hospitals Educational and Research Foundation (AHERF), 55 Greams Road, Chennai (Madras), Pin code # 600006, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Magesh Rajendran
Apollo Hospitals Educational and Research Foundation (AHERF), 55 Greams Road, Chennai (Madras), Pin code # 600006, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Present study is a retrospective analysis of three years data obtained from Bone mineral density scan (DEXA) done as per the established WHO guidelines from 956 diverse Indian geriatric study subjects enrolled in senior citizen health package offered by Apollo Hospitals, Chennai. Materials and methods: Densitometric abnormalities, BMD abnormalities of the DEXA scan data obtained from femoral head and neck region, lumbar spine region were calculated using established methods from both genders. Gender specific comparison of data was done at P<0.05 level of statistical significance. Results: Of the enrolled 956 study subjects 49.4% were men and 50.6% were women. Gender wise comparison of the data revealed a statistically significant level of osteoporotic changes (p<0.05) and osteopenia changes of the enrolled study subjects in spine region and femoral neck region. Data obtained from spine region revealed 37.5% osteopenic changes in male when compared to female who had 45.6%. Osteoporotic study data revealed 24% in male and female population had a slightly higher change 29%. In femoral neck region male had 48.3% and female had a high prevalence of 57.1% osteopenia changes. Osteoporotic changes of femoral neck region revealed 19.2% in male and 17.2% in female population. Conclusion: Since this study revealed high prevalence of osteoporosis in Indian males, we recommend follow up studies to address its significance. We conclude that Bone density (DEXA) scan in geriatric health

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