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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 112-117

Comparative Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Elderly Dentulous, Denture Wearing and Completely Edentulous Patients - In Vivo Study

Department of Prosthodontics, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Sawangi, Wardha, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashika Agrawal
Singhania House, Shivnagar Road Wardha – 442001 Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Objective: Elderly denture wearers are vulnerable to compromised nutritional health due to various factors. Dietary guidance is an integral part of treatment for denture wearers. Evaluation of nutritional status is important for any nutrition or dietary modification. The purpose of this comparative study was to evaluate the nutritional status of elderly dentulous, denture wearing and completely edentulous patients. Methods: 120 healthy Male and Female patients between the ages of 40 to 80 years were selected and divided into three sample groups. All three groups are made to answer two forms that is Mini nutrition assessment tool (MNA) form and food frequency form. Results: According to food frequency form, 41/44 and 40/40 of dentulous and denture wearing patients respectively have roti whereas only 33/36 of edentulous patients have roti; 44/44 and 40/40 of dentulous and denture wearing patients respectively have rice and only 29/36 of edentulous patients have rice. According to mini nutritional assessment, 63.9% of the edentulous subjects were either malnourished or at the risk of malnutrition; 90% of denture wearing patients had normal nutritional status; and very minute difference of 90.9% of dentulous patients with normal nutritional status. Conclusion: Tooth loss and denture wearing, both of which affect many Indians as they age, are associated with a decrease in dietary adequacy.

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