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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-92

Need for a deep dive into the timeline of tech world for people diagnosed with dementia and their family caregivers

1 Department of Dental Health Sciences, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Date of Submission18-May-2022
Date of Decision21-May-2022
Date of Acceptance23-May-2022
Date of Web Publication15-Jul-2022

Correspondence Address:
Srikanth Pallerla
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS, Hosur Main Road, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiag.jiag_20_22

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How to cite this article:
Kapote S, Pallerla S. Need for a deep dive into the timeline of tech world for people diagnosed with dementia and their family caregivers. J Indian Acad Geriatr 2022;18:91-2

How to cite this URL:
Kapote S, Pallerla S. Need for a deep dive into the timeline of tech world for people diagnosed with dementia and their family caregivers. J Indian Acad Geriatr [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 18];18:91-2. Available from: http://www.jiag.com/text.asp?2022/18/2/91/351068

Alzheimer's disease is the most prevalent cause of dementia; it is defined as a progressive loss of cognitive, behavioral, and social abilities that impairs a person's ability to function independently. It is a progressive brain disorder that takes a toll on memory and thinking skills, as well as the capacity to carry out even the most basic activities of daily living (ADLs). In reality, family caregivers (FCGs) may not always have the time or energy to provide constant monitoring. In addition, performing under supervision may make people diagnosed with dementia (PdwD) or cognitive impairment feel helpless and feeble, as well as consolidate a negative societal image.[1] Dementia FCGs experience high levels of stress and strain, which has a negative impact on their health and ability to manage themselves. The FCGs often get frustrated by repetitive behavior as they have to repeat themselves over and again. Temperamental eating and drinking were difficult to manage because they required constant caregiver supervision and occasionally resulted in conflict when the PdwD refused to do the basic ADLs. Digital technologies are widely used in health care, but there is a gap in technological advancements for older people since they are stereotyped when it comes to using digital tools. In comparison to many other groups, finding effective solutions aimed at enabling independence for PdwD might be difficult.

PdwD and their FCGs can benefit from assistive technology-based programs that increase their independence and quality of life.[2] Environmental design, artificial intelligence interventions, and assistive devices have the ability to supplement care, tackle some of the psychosocial issues posed by this expanding need, and have an impact on the lives of this vulnerable community. Health apps - PdwD can use mobile technologies to assist them with routine life, memory aids, social interaction, leisure activity, for safety and health monitoring, and can help with managing potential risks in and around the home. For example, early-stage PdwD can utilize mobile apps to set reminders for everyday tasks such as meal preparation, medication administration, and preserving their independence and confidence. Information and communication technology can help people with dementia achieve greater autonomy and enablement. User interaction records are large and rich datasets that can offer vital information about how PdwD interacts with technology. Digital technology can empower people with disability to have a proactive life and advanced technologies can help their FCGs and medical professionals to make a better decision for further care involvement.[3]

By establishing a more patient-centric assessment, digital technology could improve Alzheimer's disease research. Future intervention design and implementation strategies need to be implemented to aid people with Alzheimer and dementia. A variety of technologies should be investigated and developed, including software to improve care planning using tablets, smartphones, and communication robots to aid the PdwD. While incorporating digital technology intervention, human and psychological needs of PdwD and ethical considerations should be taken into account. When designing health applications interventions for PdwD, it is crucial to consider all the stakeholders who are involved in the care for dementia such as FCGs, health-care professionals, and government and nongovernment organizations' perception as well. Augmented reality instructions or prompts can be advantageous to remind them to drink water, eat food, or take medications. People living with dementia are fundamentally diverse individuals. They have diagnoses spanning the spectrum termed “dementia” with the attendant differences in symptoms, and are on a distinct journey of disease and disablement progression, and have variations in lifestyle, life experiences, comorbidities. Some of them may have vision, hearing, mobility, dexterity, or other impairments in addition to cognitive impairment that hinder their ability to utilize the developed applications. Hence that presents challenges to develop applications as specific user interface are extensive and thorough research to understand the vast variability of the target population needs to be addressed. A tailor made psychosocial intervention and integrated health-care system could be beneficial for PdwD to achieve their health-care demands, which relieves load on the health-care system and society while also improving health-care service and promoting health equity.

FCGs of PdwD are crucial to the effectiveness of digital technology initiatives, and they should be involved as early as possible in the development of new technologies since they are intimately familiar with the issues that come with caring for PdwD. Their skills and roles have a significant impact on the needs and viability of solution design. As a result, additional in-depth research and publications on the subject are extremely coveted.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Lancioni G, Desideri L, Singh N, O'Reilly M, Sigafoos J. Technology options to help people with dementia or acquired cognitive impairment perform multistep daily tasks: A scoping review. J Enabling Technol 2021;15:208-23.  Back to cited text no. 1
Ciarmoli D. Assistive technology for promoting the independence and the quality of life in persons with Alzheimer's disease: A selective review. In: Assistive Technologies for Assessment and Recovery of Neurological Impairments. USA: IGI Global; 2022. p. 173-95.  Back to cited text no. 2
Dang TH, Nguyen TA, Hoang Van M, Santin O, Tran OM, Schofield P. Patient-centered care: Transforming the health care system in vietnam with support of digital health technology. J Med Internet Res 2021;23:e24601.  Back to cited text no. 3


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