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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 168-171

Clinical profile and etiological spectrum of acute symptomatic seizures in the elderly populace

1 Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, UP University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, SMMH Medical Sciences, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Archana Verma
Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Dalmau Road, Munshiganj, Raebareli - 229 405, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiag.jiag_62_22

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Aim: The current study aimed to analyze the etiology and the clinical spectrum of acute symptomatic seizures (ASS) and the predictors of in-hospital mortality in the elderly population. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 94 elderly (≥60 years of age) hospitalized patients with ASS for clinical profile, etiologies, and predictors of in-hospital mortality. Results: Mean age of onset of ASS was 67.63 ± 11.48 years. The main seizure type was focal seizure in 62 (59.7%) cases, followed by tonic-clonic seizures in 30 (31.9%) cases. The most common aetiologies in ASS were stroke in 61.7%, followed by infective cause in 30.9% of cases. In-hospital mortality in the ASS in the elderly was 21 (22.3%) in our series, and stroke was the most common cause of mortality. Conclusion: Stroke was the most common etiology of ASS in the elderly and was also related to mortality. It is necessary for us to analyze the causes of ASS in the elderly, to reduce in hospital mortality.

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