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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 227-232

Falls are preventable: A multicomponent falls preventive approach for elderly

Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monika Kankarwal
Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiag.jiag_49_22

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Indian aging population is increasing steadily and tremendously imposing a major impact on global implications and challenges in medicine and nursing world. The problem faced by the elderly population is numerous and alarming for the nation, society, health-care system, and family caregivers of the elderly. Falls are estimated to be the second-most leading cause of mortality worldwide among elderly and are considered geriatric giants. Falls are the resultant of complex interaction among various risk factors such as biological, behavioral, socioeconomic, environmental, intergenerational bonding, cultural practices, and ethnicity. These risk factors either alone or in combination cause falls among elderly. Falls are very much preventable among elderly at the primordial and primary prevention levels itself. Timely intervention with multicomponent falls preventive approach for the elderly at the community level has resulted not only decrease in the rate of falls and falls-related injuries among them but also proved to be most effective and relevant in terms of cost-effectiveness, time-consumption, and labor intensiveness for the health-care system, families, society, and community.

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